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Monday, December 15, 2014

Henry Hathaway | Peter Ibbetson

i’ll see you in your dreams

by Douglas Messerli

John Meehan, Edwin Justus Mayer, Waldemar Young, Constance Collier, and Vincent Lawrence (screenplay, based on a story by George du Maurier), Henry Hathaway (director) Peter Ibbetson / 1935

The French Surrealists, helped along by the work’s rediscovery by Paul Eluard, adored Henry Hathaway’s 1935 film, Peter Ibbetson, based on the tale of 1891 by George Du Maurier. For them it not only encapsulated the concept of a love that survives all obstacles expressed in the term l’amour fou, but, through its shadowy, slightly blurred sequences created by cinematographer Charles Lang, perceived it as a sensual justification for the primacy of dreams. If this fact might help to elevate the film’s status for English and American viewers, it also simply reconfirms the retrograde Romantic tendencies of that movement and its questionable idealization of childhood, as well as their often patriarchal genuflection before what they saw as the “feminine principle.” And even if one finds plenty to enjoy in this fairy-tale like fantasia, one has to wade through the film’s excessive sentimentality and rigid religiosity to get there.     Child actors Dickie Moore (as the Peter, nicknamed Gogo) and Virginia Weidler (as the six year-old Mary) are, for a minutes at least, quite charming and sweet. Just to look into young Gogo’s picture-perfect face is enough to melt hearts. But these child actors, forced to engage their adult audience in a struggle between the sexes for the first third of the film, quickly shift from the sweet and sickly sentiments expressed through their acting out of friendly boy-girl squabbles to the requirement that they, simultaneously, tear up on queue, before crying their little eyes out. Audience manipulation has seldom been so obvious.

     Their early arguments concern not only who is in control (the young Mimsey has all the building blocks—the planks of wood they both desire—in her back yard), but whose creative vision is superior. Little Mary simply wants to build a simulacrum of life, a doll house, while Gogo desires to create something functional, a “real” wagon which can move them forward into time and space. The male’s vision is obviously superior—at least if one values the real world in motion. But, of course, as we know reality is a terribly flawed thing, likely to change at a moment’s notice, stealing away everything we know and love. As a being of that world, poor Gogo, in a blink of an eye, not only loses his mother to the disease with which she has been suffering from the film’s very first frame, but is forced, by the sudden appearance of an unknown uncle, to leave his beloved “secret garden” hidden away in a Paris suburb to join the horse-and-hound set of a English county estate. No wonder the terrified boy, girlfriend in hand, attempts to run off; and the moment we next encounter him as a young architectural assistant working for a kind—and, significantly, blind—British employer (Donald Meek) he is in a blue funk. Forced to give up everything that truly matters—a potentially functioning machine in an enchanted garden of a long ago past—who wouldn’t be depressed. Little Gogo, all grown up, has become the ill-at-ease dandy, Peter Ibbetson, a strikingly handsome, mustached gentleman (a slightly effeminate Gary Cooper) without anyone to dandle and fondle. 
     His superior may be blind, but he sees right through his favorite worker, suggesting he take a break in gay Paris. There, our diffident hero encounters, at a local museum, a worker who might be more at home in a dance hall, with whom, without hesitation, he immediately takes up. Indeed, we realize it’s a perfect combination because it will never lead him into evil; she is so every day and course that she cannot possibly lead such a distracted young man astray. Peter is so dreamy that he hardly knows she is there, particularly when they wander out to the old estate he inhabited as a boy. Like an adult child, his new-found paramour runs straight to the swing, expecting him to push her up into sexual ecstasy, while Peter stumbles around the now decaying grounds, rummaging like a sleepwalker, through the memories of his distant past. 
     Returning to London, he is immediately bundled off to York, where he has been asked to design an addition to a stable on the wealthy Duke of Powers (John Halliday) estate. The man’s beautiful wife, the Duchess (Ann Harding) wants the new stables to match precisely the ancient, straw-thatched creation of decades before. Sound familiar? If this lovely lady does not precisely seek a simulacrum, she is certainly expressing her preference for an imitation of life, while our hero is determined to “make it new,” to tear down the old stables in order to construct a useful, more modern structure to house her husband’s beloved horses. Briefly, the two wittily duke it out, the young architect winning over the equally stubborn Duchess, particularly since she immediately perceives there are greater things at stake.

     If the movie up to this time has appeared almost as wooden in its structures as the buildings Peter designs, for a few moments—as the couple gradually comes to discover that each is inexplicably attracted to the other—seemingly everyday events momentarily dissociate from reality, and the movie reminds one a bit of Cocteau. A rain storm quickly descends upon Peter and his workers with the swiftness and ferocity of a cyclone, as he and his associates are forced to take refuge beneath a tent-like canopy wherein he quickly drags his small architectural model—reminding us of the would-be doll-house to which the young boy chaffed in the first scene of the film. At another moment, the Duchess begins to relate her dream to the architect, while he finishes her sentences, relating the same events from his own point of view. Both are abashed at what seems like a remarkable coincidence, before the Duchess (whom we now realize is the adult Mary) denies any mystical implications in the strange occurrence. But by dinner, after the Duke astutely recognizes the silences behind his table-mates, they recognize that, between them, they have just experienced an astounding empathy. In Peter’s denial of their love, claiming he loves only one woman fixed in his mind as a six year old all dressed in white, they both are struck by the truth: they are the lovers trapped in the past of their own minds.


    While they recognize they now have no choice but to break off any further intercourse—if for no reason than to keep that pure and innocent relationship from becoming tainted by the carnality they now both desire—we recognize that they have no longer have any choice in the matter. They are doomed by the very fact that they have been expelled from that childhood Eden. Embracement and kisses symbolically replace what is a virtual rape, as they enter a world where the Duke’s attempt to end their retreat from time through murder can result only in the end of his own present life. Peter kills the Duke in self-defense, but destroys him and his lover in the same act.
     The rest of the story unfurls—or we might better say, rewinds—itself as if the two were simultaneously staring into a mirror. Once more, Peter is pulled away from his loved one, this time to endure an even more horrific imprisonment, because it is real, than the one which he suffered as a young lad. There, like Christ, he is mocked, beaten, and, finally, crucified on the frame of his own bed. Both, through intense suffering and near-death, find themselves now able to transcend life, particularly since they have, in fact, long ago given up the present. Mary visits her lover in his sleep, returning to him through the emblem of a ring, the next morning. And once they realize the powers they now have to escape the world in which they are only slightly still contained, they meet nightly in each other’s dreams.
   If this “transcendent” experience might have been presented, by a more imaginative group of writers and a more brilliant director, as a true world apart from the one we know, by, let us imagine, an eerie surrealist landscape or, better yet, a slightly askew Expressionist world that could transport us visually into another time and place, Hathaway and his five scribes instead present us with what later might be described as a Hallmark Card vision of paradise. There’s a wonderful moment, when Peter (like Christ’s Peter, a rock), after temporarily losing his faith, encounters a monstrous landslide that nearly does him and his dream-love in; but they quickly rediscover those heavenly pastures where they lay down in bucolic pleasure throughout the long night, the music swelling up  into Wagnerian proportions in case we missed the point. Even a rock eventually crumbles.
    Even more banally, when our worn-out heroine finally dies, she meets her lover one last time to invite him into a Christian-like paradise, all spirit and no fun. “I’m waiting for you,” she breathes out the last words she is permitted to speak. God is such a kill-joy! But then, I guess he is willing to allow this couple through the pearly gates, despite the red letters (or perhaps purple passages) this clichéd piece of cinema has blazoned across their chests.
       The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, without so much prudery and propriety, and ending in a far-less ethereal after-life—these ghosts do fortunately materialize—did this all so much better.

Los Angeles, December 14, 2014

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS (by director)

George Abbott and Stanley Donen Damn Yankees / 1958
George Abbott and Stanley Donen Damn Yankees / 1958 [short discussion]
George Abbott and Stanley Donen The Pajama Game / 1957 [short discussion]
Percy Aldon Bagdad Café / 1987
Robert Aldrich Kiss Me Deadly / 1955
Irwin Allen Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea / 1961
Lewis Allen The Uninvited  / 1944
Woody Allen Blue Jasmine / 2013
Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors / 1989
Woody Allen Manhattan / 1979
Woody Allen Midnight in Paris / 2011
Pedro Almodóvar Todo sobre mi Madre (All About My Mother) / 1999
Wes Anderson Moonrise Kingdom / 2012
Eleanor Antin The Man without a World / 1991
Michelangelo Antonioni L'Avventura / 1960
Michelangelo Antonioni Blow-Up / 1966
Denys Arcand Les Invasions barbares (The Barbarian Invasions) / 2000
Miguel Arteta Chuck & Buck / 2000
Miguel Arteta Chuck & Buck / 2000 (brief discussion)
Don Askarian Musicians / 2000
Anthony Asquith and Leslie Howard Pygmalion / 1938
Richard Ayoade The Double / 2013, USA 2014
Lloyd Bacon A Slight Case of Murder / 1938
Paul Bartel Scenes from the Class Struggle in Beverly Hills / 1989
Yevgeni Bauer Posle smerti (After Death) / 1915
Yevgeni Bauer Sulmerki zenskoi Dushi (Twilight of a Woman’s Soul) / 1913
Yevgeni Bauer Umirayuschii lebed (The Dying Swan) / 1916
Jacques Becker Casque d’or / 1952
Jacques Becker Le Trou (The Hole) / 1960
Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies / 1983
Ingmar Bergman En Passion (The Passion of Anna) / 1969, USA 1970
Ingmar Bergman Vargtimmen (Hour of the Wolf) / 1968
Busby Berkeley The Gang’s All Here / 1944
Bernardo Bertolucci Il conformista (The Conformist) / 1970
Kathryn Bigelow The Hurt Locker / 2008, USA2009
Shane Black Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang / 2005
Budd Boetticher Comanche Station / 1960
Budd Boetticher The Tall T / 1957
Frank Borzage Seventh Heaven / 1927
Robert Bresson Au Hasard, Blathazar / 1966, USA 1970
Robert Bresson  Un condamné à mort s’est échappé ou Le vent soufflé où il veut (A Man   
     Escaped or: The Wind Blows Where It Likes) / 1956, USA 1957
Robert Bresson Les Dames de Bois Boulogne (The Ladies of the Bois Boulogne) / 1945
Robert Bresson Le diable problement (The Devil, Probably) / 1977
Robert Bresson Le Journal d’un cure / 1951, USA 1954
Robert Bresson Mouchette / 1967, USA 1970
Robert Bresson Pickpocket / 1959, USA 1963
Robert Bresson Procès de Jeanne d’Arc (The Trial of Joan of Arc) / 1962, USA1965
Martin Brest Beverly Hills Cop / 1984
Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof / 1958
Richard Brooks In Cold Blood / 1967
Richard Brooks Sweet Bird of Youth / 1962
Clarence Brown Flesh and the Devil / 1926
Luis Buñuel Un chien Andalou / 1929
Frank Capra Lady for a Day / 1933
Frank Capra Pocketful of Miracles / 1961
Henning Carlsen Sult (Hunger) / 1966
Marcel Carné Les Enfants du Paradis (Children of Paradise) / 1945
Marcel Carné Jour se lève (Daybreak) / 1939
Marcel Carné Le Quai des brumes (Port of Shadows) / 1938
Jack Clayton The Innocents / 1961
Rene Clement Jeux inerdits (Forbidden Games) / 1952
George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck /2005
Jean Cocteau Orphée (Orpheus) / 1950
Ethan Coen and Joel Coen Barton Fink / 1991
Ethan Coen and Joel Coen Inside Llewyn Davis / 2013
Francis Ford Coppola One from the Heart / 1982
Anton Corbijn A Most Wanted Man / 2014
Charles Crichton The Lavender Hill Mob / 1951
John Cromwell The Goddess / 1958
George Cukor A Star Is Born / 1954
George Cukor The Wizard of Oz / 1939
Michael Curtiz Casablanca / 1942
Michael Curtiz White Christmas / 1954
Michael Curtiz Yankee Doddle Dandy / 1942
Morton DaCosta The Music Man / 1962
Lee Daniels The Butler (Lee Daniels’ The Butler) / 2013
Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne  Le Gamin au veto (The Kid with a Bike) / 2011, USA
Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne L'Infant / 2005
Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne La Promesse / 1996
Jules Dassin Night and the City / 1950
Jules Dassin Rififi / 1955
Byambasuen Davaa and Luigi Falorni Die Geschichte vom weinenden Kamel (The
     Story of the Weeping Camel) / 2003
Terence Davies The Long Day Closes / 1994
Terence Davies The Deep Blue Sea / 2011, USA 2012
Steve De Jarnatt Miracle Mile / 1988
Roy Del Ruth Broadway Melody of 1936 / 1935
Cecil B. DeMille Cleopatra / 1934
William Dieterle (see Max Reinhardt)
Stanley Donen Charade / 1963
Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly It’s Always Fair Weather / 1955
Stanley Donen The Royal Wedding / 1951
Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly Singing in the Rain / 1952
Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck Des Leben der Anderen (The Lives of Others) / 2006
Robert Dornhelm Echo Park / 1985
Alexander Dovzhenko Арсенал (Arsenal) / 1928
Alexander Dovzhenko  Земля (Russian, Zemlya) (Earth) / 1930
Carl Theodor Dreyer Ordet (The Word) / 1955
Carl Theodor Dreyer La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc (The Passion of Joan of Arc) / 1928
Carl Theodor Dreyer Vredens Dag (Day of Wrath) / 1943
Julien Duvivier (with Victor Fleming and Josef von Sternberg) The Great Waltz / 1938
Allan Dwan Robin Hood / 1922
Edward Dymtryk Christ in Concrete (a.k.a. Give Us Our Daily Bread) / 1949
Clint Eastwood Flags of our Fathers / 2006
Clint Eastwood J. Edgar / 2011
Clint Eastwood Jersey Boys / 2014
Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima / 2006
Atom Egoyan Krapp's Last Tape / 2000
Sergei M. Eisenstein Bronenosets Potemkin (Battleship Potemkin) / 1925 
Stephan Elliot The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert / 1994
Roland Emmerich Independence Day / 1996
Pierre Etaix Le Grand Amour (The Great Love) / 1969
Rainer Werner Fassbinder Die bitteren Tränen der Petra von Kant (The Bitter
     Tears of Petra van Kant / 1972, USA 1973
Rainer Werner Fassbinder Faustrecht der Freiheit (Fox and His Friends) / 1975, USA 1976
Rainer Werner Fassbinder Götter der Pest (Gods of the Plague) / 1970, USA 1977
Rainer Werner Fassbinder Die Sehnsucht der Veronika Voss (Veronika Voss) / 1982
Rainer Werner Fassbinder Warum läuft Herr R. amok (Why Does Herr R. Run Amok?) / 1970
Federico Fellini Amarcord / 1973, USA 1974
Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita / 1960, USA 1961
Federico Fellini Giulietta degli spiriti (Juliet of the Spirits) / 1965
Federico Fellini and Alberto Lattuado Luci del varieta (Variety Lights) 1950, USA 1965
Federico Fellini 8 1/2 / 1963
Federico Fellini La Strada (The Road) / 1954, USA 1956
Glenn Ficarra and John Requa I Love You Phillip Morris / 2009, USA 2010
Kleber Mendonça Filho O soma o redor (Neighboring Sounds) / 2012
David Fincher The Curious Case of Benjamin Button / 2008
David Fincher The Social Network / 2010
Victor Fleming (with Julien Duvivier and Josef von Sternberg) The Great Waltz / 1938
Victor Fleming The Wizard Of Oz / 1939
John Ford Four Sons / 1928
John Ford The Searchers / 1956
John Ford The Whole Town’s Talking / 1935
Tom Ford A Single Man / 2009
Marc Forster Monster's Ball / 2001
Bill Forsyth Local Hero / 1983
Michelangelo Frammartino Le Quattro Volte (The Four Times) / 2010, USA 2011
George Franju Les yeux xans verge (Eyes without a Face) / 1960, USA 1962
John Frankenheimer The Manchurian Candidate / 1962
John Frankenheimer Seven Days in May /1964
Irwyn Franklin Harlem Is Heaven / 1932
Stephen Frears My Beautiful Laundrette / 1985
Stephen Frears The Queen / 2006
Thornton Freeland Flying Down to Rio / 1933
Dan Futterman Capote / 2005
Matteo Garrone Gomorrah / 2008, USA 2009
Jean-Luc Godard À bout Soufflè (Breathless) / 1960
Jean-Luc Godard Le mélpris (Contempt) / 1963
Jean-Luc Godard Pierrot le Fou / 1965, USA 1969
Jean-Luc Godard Masculin Feminin (Masculine Feminine) / 1966
Alejandro González Iñárritu Birdman / 2014
Michael Gordon Pillow Talk / 1959
Jean-Pierre Gorin and Jean-Luc Godard Tout va bien (All's Well) / 1972
Alfred E. Green Baby Face / 1933
Jean Grémillon Le ciel est à vous / 1944
Jean Grémillon Lumiere d’Été (Summer Light) / 1943
Michael Haneke La Pianiste (The Piano Teacher) / 2001, USA 2002
Michael Haneke  Das Schloß  (The Castle) / 1997, USA 1998
Ribbon)/ 2009
Susumu Hani Hatsukoi: Jigoku-hen (Nanami: The Inferno of First Love), 1968, USA 1969
Mahamat-Saleh Haroun  Bye Bye Africa / 1999
Mahamat-Saleh Haroun Grigris / 2
Wojciech Has Rękopis znaleziony w Saragossie (The Saragossa Manuscript) / 1965,restored version, 2001
Byron Haskin War of the Worlds / 1953
Henry Hathaway Peter Ibbetson / 1935
Howard Hawks Bringing Up Baby / 1938
Howard Hawks El Dorado / 1966
Howard Hawks Rio Bravo / 1959
Howard Hawks Rio Lobo / 1970
Todd Haynes Far From Heaven / 2002
Michael Hazanavicius The Artist / 2011
Victor Heermann Animal Crackers / 1930
Werner Herzog Fitzcarraldo / 1982
Werner Herzog Jeder für Sich und Gott gegen alle (The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser) / 1974,   
      USA 1975
Jared Hess Nacho Libre / 2006
Alfred Hitchcock Dial M for Murder / 1954
Alfred Hitchcock Juno and the Paycock / 1930
Alfred Hitchcock The Lady Vanishes / 1938
Alfred Hitchcock Notorious / 1946
Alfred Hitchcock Psycho / 1960
Alfred Hitchcock To Catch a Thief / 1955
Alfred Hitchcock Torn Curtain / 1966
Alfred Hitchcock Vertigo / 1958
Alfred Hitchcock The Wrong Man / 1956
P. J. Hogan Muriel's Wedding / 1994, USA 1995
Tom Hooper The King's Speech / 2010
John Huston The Night of the Iguana / 1964
John Huston Wise Blood / 1979
Kon Ichikawa The Burmese Harp / 1956, USA 1967
Kon Ichikawa Sasme-yuki (The Makioka Sisters) / 1983
Kon Ichikawa Yukinojo henge (An Actor's Revenge) / 1963
Shōhei Imamura Erogotoshi-tachi yori: Jinrulgaku nyūmori (The Pornographers) / 1966
Shōhei Imamura Guta to gunkan (Pigs and Battleships) / 1961, USA 1963
Otar Iosseliani Ap'rili (April) /1961, released 1972
Otar Iosseliani Giorgobistve (Falling Leaves) / 1966
James Ivory The Remains of the Day / 1993Mick Jackson L.A. Story / 1991
Miklós Jancsó Szerelmem, Electra (Electra, My Love) / 1974
Norman Jewison Send Me No Flowers / 1964
Craig Johnson The Skeleton Twins / 2014
Chuck Jones Duck Amok / 1953
Chuck Jones Wearing of the Grin / 1951
Harmon Jones Bloodhounds of Broadway / 1952
Neil Jordan The Crying Game / 1992
Neil Jordan Mona Lisa / 1986
Elia Kazan A Face in the Crowd / 1957
Elia Kazan Gentleman’s Agreement / 1947
Aki Kurismäki Le Havre / 2011
Aki Kurismäki La Vie de Bohème (The Bohemian Life) / 1992
Buster Keaton and Clyde Bruckman The General / 1927
Buster Keaton and Edward F. Cline One Week / 1920
WilliamKeighley The Man Who Came to Dinner /1942
Henry King Tol’able David / 1921
Teinosuke Kinugasa Jingokumon (Gate of Hell) / 1953 / USA 1954
Randal Kleiser Grease / 1978
Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife / 1947
Stanley Kramer Inherit the Wind / 1960
Wayne Kramer The Cooler / 2002
Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and
      Love the Bomb / 1964
Akira Kurosawa Yoidore tenshi (Drunken Angel)  / 1948, USA 1959
Akiru Kurosawa Nora inu (Stray Dog) / 1949, USA 1963
Gregory La Cava Stage Door / 1950
Albert Lamorisse Le Ballon rouge (The Red Balloon) / 1956
John Landis Into the Night / 1985
Walter Lang The King and I / 1956
Fritz Lang The Big Heat / 1953
Fritz Lang Spione (Spies) / 1927, USA 1928
Giogos Lanthinos Dogtooth / 2009, USA 2010
Alberto Lattuada Il Capotto (The Overcoat), 1952, USA 1953
David Lean Brief Encounter / 1945, USA 1946
David Lean Great Expectations / 1946
David Lean Oliver Twist / 1948, USA 1951
Ang Lee Brokeback Mountain / 2003
Mike Leigh Another Year / 2010
Mike Leigh Topsy-Turvy / 1999
Mitchell Leisen No Man of Her Own / 1950
Mervyn LeRoy The Wizard of Oz / 1939
Don Levy Herostratus /1967
Marcel L'Herbier L'Argent / 1928, released 1929
Richard Linklater Bernie / 2011, US general distribution, 2012
Richard Linklater School of Rock / 2003
Anatole Litvak Sorry, Wrong Number / 1948
Frank Lloyd Oliver Twist / 1922
Phyllida Lloyd Mamma Mia! / 2008
Joshua Logan South Pacific / 1958
Phil Lord and Christopher Miller 22 Jump Street / 2014
Joseph Losey Accident / 1967
Ernst Lubitsch Trouble in Paradise / 1932
Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon / 1975
Sidney Lumet Fail-Safe / 1964
Guy Maddin The Saddest Music in the World / 2003, USA 2004
Aleksandr Medvedkin Schayste (Happiness) / 1934
Terence Malick The Tree of Life / 2011
Louis Malle My Dinner with Andre / 1981
Louis Malle Zazie dans de métro (Zazie in the Metro) / 1960
Joseph L. Mankiewicz The Ghost and Mrs. Muir / 1947
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Guys and Dolls / 1955
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Suddenly, Last Summer / 1959
Michael Mann Public Enemies / 2009
Chris Marker La Jetée (The Jetty) / 1962
Chris Marker Sans Soleil (Sunless) / 1983
Charles Martin My Dear Secretary / 1948
Tina Mascara and Guido Santi Chris & Don. A Love Story / 2007
Peter Masterson The Trip to Bountiful /1985
Paul Mazursky Enemies, a Love Story / 1989
Paul Mazursky Yipee / 2006
Martin McDonagh In Bruges / 2008
Douglas McGrath Infamous / 2006
John McTiernan Die Hard / 1988
Jean-Pierre Melville Bob le Flambeur / 1956, USA 1959
Jean-Pierre Melville Le Cercle rouge (The Red Circle) / 1970, USA 1993
Sam Mendes Skyfall / 2012
Jiři Menzel Obsluhoval jsem anglického krále (I Served the King of England) / 2006,USA 2008
Douglas Messerli Reading Sexually Coded Films: A Defense
Lewis Milestone The North Star / 1943
Bennett Miller Capote / 2005
Bennett Miller Foxcatcher / 2014
Vincente Minnelli Brigadoon / 1954
Vincente Minnelli The Long, Long Trailer / 1954
Kenji Mizoguchi Yoru no onnatachi (Women of the Night) / 1948
F. W. Murnau Der letzte Mann (The Last Laugh) / 1924
F. W. Murnau Sunrise / 1927
F.W. Murnau Tabu: A Story of the South Seas / 1931
Fred C. Newmayer and Sam Taylor Safety Last! / 1923
Mike Nichols Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? / 1966
Max Ophuls Lola Montés / 1955, USA 1959
Max Ophuls The Reckless Moment / 1949
Nagisa Oshima Ai no Korīda (In the Realm of the Senses) / 1976
Nagisa Ōshima Kaettekita Yopparai (Three Resurrected Drunkards) / 1968
Nagisa Ōshima Shinjuku dorobō nikki (Diary of a Shinjuku Thief) / 1969
Nagisa Oshima Senjō no Merī Kurisumasu (Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence) / 1983
Franz Osten A Throw of Dice / 1929
Ferzan Ozpetek Le fate ignoranti (The Ignorant Fairies) 2001, USA 2002
Ferzan Özpetek Haman :Il bagno turco (Steam: The Turkish Bath) 1997, USA 1998
Yasujirō Ozu Akibiyori (Late Autumn) / 1960, USA 1973
Yasujirō Ozu  Ukigusa (Floating Weeds) / 1959
Yasujirō Ozu Monogatari Tokyo (Tokyo Story) / 1953
G. W. Pabst Die Büchse der Pandora (Pandora's Box) / 1929
Roman Polanski Nóz w wodzie (Knife in the Water) / 1962
Roman Polanski Oliver Twist / 2005
Roman Polanski Rosemary’s Baby / 1968
Abraham Polansky Force of Evil / 1948
Sydney Pollack Three Days of the Condor / 1975
Corneliu Porumboiu Politsit, adj. (Police, adjective) / 2009
H. C. Potter Three for the Show / 1955
Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger Black Narcissus / 1947
Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger The Red Shoes / 1948
Vsevolod Pudovkin and Nikolai Shpikovsky  Шахматная горячка (Shakhmatnaya goryachka) (Chess Fever)  / 1925
Otto Preminger Laura / 1944
Richard Quine Bell, Book and Candle / 1958
Richard Quine My Sister Eileen / 1955
Nicholas Ray Johnny Guitar / 1954
Nicholas Ray (with Josef von Sternberg) Macao / 1952
Nicholas Ray Rebel without a Cause / 1955
Satyajit Ray Aparjito (The Unvanquished) / 1957
Satyajit Ray Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) / 1959
Satyajit Ray Ghare Baire (The Home and the World) / 1984
Satyajit Ray Pather Panchali (Song of the Little Road) /1955
Carol Reed The Fallen Idol / 1948, USA 1949
Carol Reed Oliver! / 1968 [discussion of dancing]
Carol Reed Oliver! / 1968 [discussion of film]
Carol Reed Our Man in Havana / 1959, USA 1960
Jean Renoir La Grande Illusion (Grand Illusion) / 1937, USA 1938
Arturo Ripstein El imperio de la fortuna (The Realm of Fortune) / 1986
Arturo Ripstein El lugar sin limites (Hell without Limits) / 1978
Jacques Rivette Le Pont du Nord / 1981
Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise West Side Story / 1961
Bruce Robinson Withnail & I / 1987
Herbert Ross Nijinsky / 1980
Roberto Rossellini Europa ’51 / 1952, USA1954
Roberto Rossellini Paisa’ (Paisan) 1946
Roberto Rossellini Viaggio in Italia (Voyage in Italy) / 1953
Robert Rossen All the King's Men / 1949
Alan Rudolph Choose Me / 1984
Wesley Ruggles Too Many Husbands / 1940
Raúl Ruiz Mistérios de Lisboa (Mysteries of Lisbon) / 2010/ USA 2011
Raúl Ruiz Les Trois Couronnes du Matelet (Three Crowns of the Sailor) / 1983, USA1984
David O. Russell American Hustle / 2013
David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook / 2012
Ira Sachs Keep the Lights On / 2012
Ira Sachs Love Is Strange / 2014
Mark Sandrich Top Hat / 1935
Volker Schlöndorff and Margarethe von Trotta Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum oder: Wie Gewalt entstehen und wohin sie führen kann (The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum, or: How Violence Develops and Where It Can Lead) / 1975
Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune / 1990
Werner Schroeter Deux / 2002
Lacey Schwartz Little White Lie / 2014
Martin Scorcese After Hours / 1985
Martin Scorcese Hugo / 2011
Martin Scorsese The Wolf of Wall Street /2013
George Seaton Miracle on 34th Street / 1947
Richard Shepard The Matador / 2005
Larissa Sheptiko Voskhozhdenie (The Ascent) / 1976
George Sidney Kiss Me, Kate / 1953
Don Siegel Invasion of the Body Snatchers / 1956
Don Siegel Invasion of the Body Snatchers / 1956 [short discussion]
Douglas Sirk Imitation of Life / 1959
Victor Sjöstrom The Scarlet Letter / 1926
Jack Smith Flaming Creatures / 1963
Kevin Smith Chasing Amy / 1997
Steven Soderbergh Erin Brokovich / 2000
Paolo Sorrentino La grande belleza (The Great Beauty) / 2013
Steven Spielberg Lincoln / 2012
Josef von Sternberg The Blue Angel / 1930
Josef von Sternberg (with Julien Duvivier and Victor Fleming) The Great Waltz / 1938
Josef von Sternberg The Last Command / 1928
Josef von Sternberg (with Nicolas Ray) Macao / 1952
Josef von Sternberg Morocco / 1930
Josef von Sternberg Underworld / 1927
George Stevens The More the Merrier / 1943
Robert Stevenson Jane Eyre / 1944
Jon Stewart Rosewater / 2014
Susan Stroman The Producers / 2005
Andrew L. Stone Stormy Weather / 1943
Tom Stoppard Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead / 1990
Erich von Stroheim Queen Kelly / 1929
Preston Sturges Hail the Conquering Hero / 1944
Jan Švankmajer Spiel mit Steinen (A Game with Stones) / 1965
Jan Švankmajer Rakvičkárna (Punch and Judy) / 1966
Jan Švankmajer Et Cetera / 1966
Jan Švankmajer Picknick mit Weissmann (Picnic with Weissmann) / 1968
Jan Švankmajer Tichý týden v domé (A Quiet Week in the House) / 1969
Norman Taurog | Broadway Melody of 1940 / 1940
Andrei Tarkovsky Andrei Rublev / 1966
Andrei Tarkovsky Ivanovo detstvo (Ivan's Childhood) / 1962
Andrei Tarkovsky Offret (The Sacrifice) / 1986
Andrei Tarkovsky Stalker / 1979
Béla Tarr and Ágnes Hranitzky  A Londoni férfi (The Man from London) / 2007, USA 2008,
Béla Tarr Werckmeister harmóniák (Werckmeister Harmonies) / 2000
Hiroshi Teshigahara Tanin no kao (The Face of Another) / 1966, USA 1967
Hiroshi Teshigahara Suna no onna (Woman of the Dunes) / 1964
Hiroshi Teshigahara Rikyū / 1989
Guillermo del Toro El Laberinto del Fauno (Pan's Labyrinth) / 2006
Jacques Tourneur Out of the Past / 1947
François Truffaut Tirez sur le pianist (Shoot the Piano Player) 1960, USA 1964
Moren Tyldum The Imitation Game / 2014
Edgar G. Ullmer Detour / 1945
Peter Ustinov Billy Budd / 1962
Roger Vadim …And God Created Woman / 1956,USA 1957
Jean-Luc Vallée Dallas Buyers Club / 2013
Jaco Van Dormael Mr. Nobody / 2009, USA 2011
Jaco Van Dormael Toto le Heros (Toto the Hero) / 1991, USA 1992
Agnès Varda Cléo de 5 à 7 (Cleo from 5 to 7) / 1962
Dziga Vertov and Elizaveta Silova Tri geroinia (Three Heroines) / 1938
King Vidor / Show People / 1928
Jean Vigo / À Propos de Nice / 1930
Jean Vigo / Zéro de conduit (Zero for Conduct) / 1933
Luchino Visconti La caduta degli dei (Die Verdammten) (The Damned) / 1969
Luchino Visconti Il gattopardo (The Leopard) / 1963
Luchino Visconti Rocco e i suoi fratelli (Rocco and His Friends) / 1960
Luchino Visconti Senso / 1954, USA 1968
Andrzej Wajda Czlowiek z marmuru (Man of Marble) / 1977
Andrzej Wajda Panny z Wilka (The Girls of Wilko) / 1979
Apichatpong Weerasetakul Uncle Bonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives / 2010
Paul Wegener and Carl Boese Der Golem, wie erin die Welt kom (The Golem: How HeCame into the World) / 1920
Peter Weir Witness / 1985
Orson Welles The Lady from Shanghai / 1947
Orson Welles Touch of Evil / 1958
Orson Welles The Trial (Le Procés) / 1962
William Wellman Nothing Sacred / 1937
Wim Wenders Der amerikanische Freud (The American Friend) / 1977
Lina Wertmuller Pasqualino Settebellezze (Seven Beauties) / 1975, USA 1976
James Whale Show Boat / 1936
Mike White Year of the Dog / 2007
Robert Wiene Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) / 1920
Billy Wilder The Apartment / 1960
Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard / 1950 [short discussion]
Irvin Winkler De-Lovely / 2004
Robert Wise The Day the Earth Stood Still / 1951
Konrad Wolf Ich war neuzehn (I Was Nineteen) / 1968
William Wyler Funny Girl / 1968
William Wyler How to Steal a Million / 1966
William Wyler Jezebel / 1938
Peter Yates The Hot Rock / 1972
Marina Zenovich Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired / 2008
Fred Zinnemann Oklahoma! / 1955
Fred Zinnemann Oklahoma! / 1955 [short discussion]